Point, Line, Surface and volume

A Point can be dark, bright or visible. Point can have various meanings depending on where it has been used. For example, in
maths, a point can be something in our mind or on paper where it is not touchable so it has no texture or feeling but it is
important where and how it has been used. A point has limited relations with its surroundings, but it can draw attention. It is 
amazing to understand, even a small point can have various impact while Designing.
A line, has significant presence in everyday life and nature. It can be two-dimensional or three dimensional. Line has 
meanings depending on its direction. For example, Vertical lines in nature can be seen as trees or buildings. Horizontal lines 
can be used as a surface or skyline where can be the concept of relaxing, resting or calmness. Uneven lines can form the 
mountains or even the lightning in the sky. Curved lines can demonstrate movements of animals, elements or even the 
softness of a surface. How ever a line is used in Design, it is either Thick, Thin, Dark or Light or Wavy, Broken or Uneven. Line 
is the major element in Design. It demonstrates Shadow and Hatching. Every single line is drawn carefully while designing. It 
can even create page layouts and outlines.
A surface is two dimensional. It can be smooth or rough but depending on various textures on a surface it will have its own 
impact. Even a domed ceiling which means it is curved has its own surface. A curved space or full circle shows/means constant 
Any object with three dimensions such as Length, Width, Height or Depth is known as Volume. It can be solid or hollow. The 
occupied space usually is known as Positive space and the surrounding or space between two volumes are known as Negative 
space. Highlighting can change the size and form of a shape depending on how it has been used. Also, Light can have an 
impact on surfaces.
It is interesting and very exciting to understand Design elements as each and every one of them, will help and lead you to 
Design in your best way possible. No matter what kind of Designer you are, you will need these elements to present your idea.

References: Nancy McKenzie, Slower dawn, David Moreno, Anil Atilgan, Ingolina and Mikjig

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